Definition of Restorative Justice
According to Zehr (2002), “Restorative Justice is a process to involve to the greatest extent possible, those who have a stake in a specific offense and to collectively identify and address harms, needs, obligations, in order to heal and put things as right as possible.”
Restorative Justice Philosophical Foundation
Restorative Justice is a philosophy and body of practices utilized to address the harm associated with wrongdoing. The model seeks to address the needs and concerns of:
- the victim
- the obligations of the offender and the community’s engagement
- the responsibility to the victim and offender (Zehr, 2002)
Retributive Justice Philosophical Foundation
Retributive Justice is a belief that pain through the use of punishment is the currency needed to vindicate and reciprocate the harm associated with wrongdoing. Crime is a violation of the state. As a result, the state must decide who is to blame and then impose a punishment (Zehr, 2002).
Retributive Justice vs. Restorative Justice
Retributive Justice and Restorative Justice have different approaches to addressing harm and ask different questions.
A New Story of Justice: Nonviolence and Restorative Justice